Fluoroscopy is an imaging technique commonly used by physicians to obtain real-time images of the internal structures of a patient through the use of a fluoroscope. Fluoroscopy is a study of moving body structures – similar to an x-ray “movie.” A continuous x-ray beam is passed through the body part being examined, and is transmitted to a TV-like monitor so that the body part and its motion can be seen in detail. Fluoroscopy, as an imaging tool, enables physicians to look at many body systems, including the skeletal, digestive, urinary, respiratory, and reproductive systems. Fluoroscopy may be performed to evaluate specific areas of the body, including the bones, muscles, and joints, as well as solid organs such as the heart, lung, or kidneys.


A discogram is an enhanced X-ray examination of the intervertebral discs. Dye is injected into the center of the injured disc(s). The dye makes the disc clearly visible on X-ray film and on a fluoroscope. This test is used to determine which disc has structural damage and whether it is causing pain. A discogram can show if a disc has begun to rupture and if it has tears in the tough outer ring annulus


Often referred to as HSG, which is an x-ray test that looks at the inside of the uterus, fallopian tubes, and the surrounding areas. Used on women who are having a hard time conceiving. Contrast is injected into a thin tube which is inserted through the vagina and put into the uterus. The dye is spread throughout the uterus and fallopian tubes while pictures are taken using steady beam of xray called fluoroscopy. Used to find injury/abnormal structure, blockage, infection, scarring, and or foreign objects.

Upper GI

A study that looks at the upper and middle sections of your intestine. The test uses barium contrast material, fluoroscopy, and x-ray. Barium is combined with gas making crystals. Movement of the barium is watched all through your esophogus, stomach, and the first part of small intestine (duodenum) on a video screen which xray pictures are taken at different times and views.

Blood Patch

Usually done if one has persistent headaches (spinal headache) and nausea that sometimes follows a spinal puncture. The blood patch procedure consists of an injection at the spinal tap site of a small quantity of your own blood. This acts to patch the hole in the dura (the outer membrane of the spinal cord) that was created by the needle at the time of myelography.

Lumbar Puncture

A lumbar puncture (also called a spinal tap) is a procedure to collect and look at the fluid (cerebrospinal fluid, or CSF) surrounding the brain and spinal cord. Samples are studied for color, blood cell counts, protein, glucose, and other substances. Done to find infection,disease, pressure of csf, and to inject medicine. Myelogram-put a dye in the CSF that makes the spinal cord and fluid clearer on X-ray pictures. This may be done to see whether a disc or a cancer is bulging into the spinal canal.

ESI: Epidural Steroid Injections

It’s a combination of a corticosteroid (which is a strong anti inflammatory med to relieve pain) with a local anesthetic pain relief medicine. ESIs sometimes are used to treat pain and inflammation that result from pressure on the spinal cord caused by lumbar spinal stenosis. Imaging tests, (MRI), (CT) scan, or X-rays, may be done before or while you are being given the injection. These tests are used to identify the exact location where nerve roots are being squeezed.